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Overview Drug Testing Works Program Development

State and Local Issues

Legislation

Alabama: HB 108
Introduced: February 1, 2005
This bill requires the State Board of Education to establish guidelines and adopt policies for random student drug testing.

California: SB 1630
Introduced: February 20, 2004
Died on File: November 30, 2004
This bill would have required random student drug testing for performance-enhancers as a criteria for involvement in interscholastic sports.

Connecticut: HB 5761
Introduced: March 8, 2006
This bill would lead to the development of and availability to each local and regional board of education a protocol for random testing of teams and individuals qualifying for annual state athletic championship tournaments for anabolic steroids.

Delaware: HB 114
Introduced: April 3, 2003
This bill permits a local board of education to adopt a policy for the random drug testing of the district’s high school students who participate in interscholastic athletics.

Florida: HB 7119
Introduced: March 15, 2006
Approved by Governor: May 23, 2006
This bill requires the Florida High School Athletic Association to facilitate a 1-year drug testing program to randomly test for anabolic steroid use by students in grades 9 through 12. It also states that findings of a drug test shall be separate from a student's educational records and provides additional guidelines in the event of a positive test.

Florida: HB 1003
Introduced: February 6, 2006
Died in Civil Justice Committee: May 6, 2006
This bill would have required the Florida High School Athletic Association to facilitate a 3-year drug testing program to randomly test for anabolic steroids in students in grades 9 through 12 who participate in interscholastic athletics in its member schools.

Florida: SB 1928 (PDF)
Introduced: February 2, 2006
Died in Committee on Judiciary: May 5, 2006
This bill requires the Florida High School Athletic Association (FHSAA) to implement a three year steroid testing program for grade 9 through 12 student athletes who participate in interscholastic competitions at member schools. Public and private schools are required to consent to the program as a prerequisite to membership under this bill.

Georgia: SR 5
First Read: January 14, 1997 (no further action)
This resolution would create the Senate Study Committee on Random Student Drug Testing.

Hawaii: HB 207
Introduced: January 24, 2005 (carried over to 2006 Regular Session)
This bill mandates the implementation of a voluntary and confidential drug testing policy in public schools.

Hawaii: HB 273
Introduced: January 24, 2005 (carried over to 2006 Regular Session)
This bill establishes a pilot project for drug testing of public school students in grade 7 or higher when requested by parent or guardian.

Idaho: HB 698
Introduced: February 16, 2006
This bill relates to eligibility criteria for scholarships for drug, alcohol and tobacco free students and includes a requirement that the student agrees to voluntarily participate in a random drug testing program.

Illinois: HB 3544
Introduced: February 24, 2005
Last Action: May 5, 2005 (Referred to Rules Committee)
This bill allows a school board to require a student who participates in a school-sponsored or school-supported athletic or extra-curricular activity to submit to a drug test as a condition of participation.

Maryland: SB 756
Introduced: February 3, 2006
This bill requires specified public school and private or parochial school officials to implement a policy of alcohol and drug testing, under specified conditions, for high school pupils. Drug and alcohol testing would be permitted only on the basis of a reasonable suspicion of unlawful use.

New Jersey: SB 500 (PDF)
Introduced: January 13, 2004
Passed both Houses: June 30, 2005
Approved by Governor: August 29, 2005
This bill authorizes school boards to adopt a policy for student random drug testing.

New Jersey: Executive Order #72
Order Implemented: December 20, 2005
This order allows for steroids testing of athletes qualifying for championship games.

New York: SB 494
Introduced: January 14, 2005
Last Action: May 8, 2006 (Sent to Assembly Committee on Codes)
This bill requires the education department to establish guidelines for drug testing of student athletes by public and non-public school authorities wishing to conduct such testing. It additionally specifies that student and parent or guardian must consent to testing and makes numerous related provisions.

Oklahoma: HB 2409
Introduced: January 18, 2006
Last Action: March 22, 2006 (Sent to Senate Committee on Appropriations)
This bill authorizes the Oklahoma State Board of Education to make grants to local boards of education for the establishment of pilot projects that would aid the school district in implementing a steroid and drug testing program for student athletes in the school district.

Tennessee Code § 49-6-4213
This statute states that a student may be subject to testing for the presence of drugs in the student's body if there are reasonable indications to the principal that such student may have used or be under the influence of drugs.

Virginia: HB 1573 (PDF)
Approved by Governor: March 22, 2005
This bill authorizes school boards, at their discretion, to require or encourage drug testing in accordance with the Board of Education's guidelines and model student conduct policies.

Virginia: HB 1843
Introduced: January 8, 2003
This bill relates to the disclosure of student drug testing results.

Virginia: HB 2091
Introduced: January 8, 2003
Approved by Governor: March 22, 2003
This bill requires the Board of Education to include policies addressing voluntary and mandatory student drug testing, in accordance with the most recent enunciation of constitutional principles by the U.S. Supreme Court, in its guidelines for student conduct policies and student searches.

Examples of State/Local Existing Policies

Chandler High School Student Handbook and Parent
Guide
(DOC)
Chandler, Arizona, 2006
This handbook includes information about Chandler’s random student drug testing program (see page 23).

Cypress-Fairbanks Independent School District Student Handbook 2006-2007 (PDF)
Houston, Texas, 2006
This handbook identifies school policies, including a random student drug testing program.

Electra Independent School District Random Student Drug Testing Policy (PDF)
Electra, Texas, 2005
This resource describes Electra’s student drug testing policy, which began in 2005.

Lafayette Middle School Student/Parent Handbook
Oxford, Mississippi, 2006
This resource includes information about the Lafayette County School District’s Random Suspicionless Drug Testing Policy, which was approved in August 2002.

Student Extracurricular Activity and Parking Permit: Random Drug Testing Branson Public School District
Missouri, 2006
The Branson random drug testing policy impacts any student choosing to participate in extracurricular activities and/or park on school property.

State and Local Publications

Random Student Drug Testing… A Concept for Kaukauna? (PDF)
Kaukauna Area School District, Wisconsin, 2006

Student Drug Testing: A Component to Kentucky’s Approach to Addressing Youth Substance Abuse (PDF)
Kentucky Office of Drug Control Policy, May 2006

Additional Legislative Resources

Law Library of Congress: U.S. States and Territories
This Web site contains Internet links to state- and Territory-level resources concerning legislation.

National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL)
NCSL is a bipartisan organization that serves the legislators and staffs of the nation's 50 states, its commonwealths and territories. NCSL provides research, technical assistance and opportunities for policymakers to exchange ideas on the most pressing state issues.